Do Hedgehogs Have Fleas?

In the US, hedgehogs are popular pets, and many pet owners have a lot of inquiries concerning their care for hedgehogs. Hedgehog sellers are commonly asked whether the animal can acquire fleas, and the answer is yes. Yes, in a nutshell. Fleas may live on hedgehogs.

What Exactly Are Fleas?

Hedgehogs may get infected with external parasites, such as fleas. However, flea infection is rarely a widespread concern. Your hedgehog can get infected with fleas if it has been exposed to fleas outside or if it has been exposed to fleas in the home with dogs, cats, or other animals who are infected with fleas themselves.

While they may infest hedgehogs if there is a large infestation in the house, the African hedgehog is not a favorite of theirs, perhaps due to the hedgehog’s low body temperature. Animals or places that are afflicted with fleas are the sources of the infestation (i.e., visiting another home with a flea infestation).

Do Hedgehogs Have Fleas?

Yes, hedgehogs do have fleas. Fleas are one of the most disliked facts of life for hedgehogs, but it is a consolation to know they are not the same as the fleas often seen on cats and dogs. Be sure you know what kind of fleas affect hedgehogs before you act on it by reading this article. We’ll go over the many kinds of fleas a hedgehog may have and other parasites that are prevalent to this species.

Archaeopsylla Erinacei, the scientific name for hedgehog fleas, is a tiny parasite. The hedgehog is their primary habitat. However, they may sometimes be seen on other species in tiny quantities. These fleas reproduce similarly to hedgehogs, laying their eggs in the nesting area of the host and hatchlings feed on the birthing remnants before becoming full-grown fleas that dwell on the host. A typical hedgehog has roughly 100 fleas, but a sick animal may have much more than that. In the wild, practically all hedgehogs have these parasites.

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Where Does Hedgehog Fleas Live?

It is a blessing that hedgehog fleas are not found in the United States. These fleas can only be found in Western and Northern Europe, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Greece, and North Africa, typically these are the only regions where they may be found.

Can My Other Pets Catch Fleas From Hedgehog?

No. Hedgehog fleas may be spotted on your cat or dog if they have been near an infected hedgehog. However, since they are not specialized for living in hedgehog burrows and may jump off searching for a hedgehog, your pets are not in danger of catching the illness.

How can I Know If My Hedgehog Is at Risk of Getting Fleas?

If you live in the United States, the odds of your pet hedgehog being infected with fleas are quite remote. However, whereas most wild hedgehogs are afflicted with fleas, the vast majority of pet hedgehogs are bred in confinement and do not encounter the parasites. You should not worry about your hedgehog becoming infested by fleas, even if you live in an area where they are widespread.

Hedgehog Ticks:

Hedgehogs may also be infested with ticks. Generally, a hedgehog will have a few ticks on it, but some carry a lot more. The bottom, behind the ears, and the flanks of hedgehogs are the most common places for ticks to attach themselves, although they may also be found elsewhere. Hedgehogs are mostly unaffected by ticks. On the other hand, a high parasite load may be an indication of illness.

Internal Parasites:

Many parasitic worms may infect hedgehogs, with lungworm most common among European hedgehogs. If left untreated, a lungworm infection may cause a dry, racking cough that can be deadly. Most hedgehogs will have a minor worm load, but this should pose little of a threat to their well-being.

Is There Anything I Need To Be Concerned About?

Those particularly susceptible to bug bites may be affected by fleas in bug infestations. Bite marks may be seen on the shins. Following the removal of the parasite, the issue is usually self-limiting.

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What Is The Treatment For Fleas On A Hedgehog?

All pets in the home should be treated for fleas since they are likely the source of the infestation. The only flea treatment for hedgehogs that is hedgehog-specific is permethrin. Using these items on hedgehogs is considered “off-label” since they are intended for use on dogs and cats. A veterinarian acquainted with hedgehogs should be consulted before using topical cat drugs like AdvantageTM and RevolutionTM.

Consult your veterinarian before using flea powders, premise sprays, or even professional pest exterminators. In order to prevent flea infestations, it is essential to treat the surroundings where the hedgehog lives and visits since flea eggs are likely to have fallen off and hatched there. Depending on humidity and temperature, eggs laid by fleas hatch in 14–28 days. These adult fleas are on the prowl for a blood meal.

For the final egg to hatch, the treatment has to persist for an extended period of time. Consult a veterinarian with experience treating hedgehogs for advice on the most effective topical and environmental therapies for your pet.


The likelihood that fleas will be found on your hedgehog, particularly if you reside in the United States, is quite low. Unless you live in an area where hedgehog fleas are naturally occurring, you won’t be able to find a wild hedgehog with fleas if you are looking for a pet. Even if you lived in one of the European nations where fleas are native, your pet would not be at risk of contracting them since they do not dwell on dogs or cats and cannot enter your house.

Fleas are virtually always present in a hedgehog that is caught in the wild. You are responsible for your hedgehog’s fleas; we mentioned some medications and treatments that you can use to solve this problem of fleas, but make sure you don’t do anything without the advice of your vet.