Hedgehog vs. Groundhog

In contrast, hedgehogs and groundhogs are two quite distinct animals. However, even though they both have the name “hog,” they are quite different animals. When we’re trying to figure out whether we’ll have six more weeks of winter, we look to the groundhog in February as it is their time of the year.

People worldwide celebrate Groundhog Day and buy stuff for the occasion, like these pet mats by the Ambesonne store. We can’t tell much about the forecast from that prickly little guy for the hedgehog. There are a few similarities between these two, however.

We’ll take a look at the similarities and differences between these intriguing species in this article and settle the debate of hedgehog vs. groundhog.

Let’s have a look at some interesting facts about Hedgehogs versus Groundhogs.


  • Asia, Europe, Africa, and New Zealand all have their own distinct regions of origin.
  • Size: from four to twelve inches
  • The lifespan is between two and five years.
  • Domesticated? The answer is yes.

The Erinaceidae subfamily includes hedgehogs, which are tiny, spiky animals. They have a cone-shaped face and a small body covered in quills, which is porcupine-like. Although they seem like porcupines, they are not related. Keratin, the same protein from which human hair and nails are made, is used to make the quills on their backs. As though they were pincushion-like, this is how they seem.

There are hedgehogs in Asia, Africa, Europe, and New Zealand, considerably smaller than groundhogs. Some of them have brown or black masks over their eyes, while others are white, light brown, or black. They have short, strong legs, like a groundhog. A large foot with five toes on each foot is ideal for digging because of its curled claws. They also have very long tongues for a purpose that we’ll get to in a second.


Hedgehogs are known to be omnivores, which indicates that they like eating both plants and animals. Insects are a favorite food item for them as well. If you keep a hedgehog as a pet, you may sometimes offer its fruits and vegetables as a treat, and you can try Sunseed 36035 Vita Prima Hedgehog Treat as we have only heard good things about them.

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Characteristics and Behavior:

To protect against predators, the hedgehog may curl itself into a ball when threatened. To defend themselves, they curl their tail, head, legs, and feet into an elongated ball before lowering their quills into position.

It is a formidable protection system since it prevents predators from opening the ball’s spines. They don’t have quills that shoot out of their bodies like porcupines, but they’re still quite sharp when they do. It’s best to put on gloves and place the hedgehog on a towel before attempting to handle it.

For the most part, they are active at night and sleep for up to 18 hours every day. “Self-anointing” is a term for the practice of dousing oneself in spit. As a result of this bizarre habit, they have a long tongue.

Experts don’t have a definitive answer as to why they do it, but one possibility is because they desire to smell just like a thing they enjoy. There is the possibility that it’s for safety reasons as well. This is how they lick themselves, creating a foam that they may lick from head to toe. To be clear, this is entirely typical behavior.

They, like groundhogs, hibernate from late October/November to early March/April. Their body temperatures decrease in the fall and winter, and they rely on stored fat for energy.


  • North American continent
  • Dimensions: 18-24 inches for the head and body, 7-10 inches for the tail
  • Lifespan is almost Three to six years in the wild and up to 14 years if kept in captivity.
  • Domesticated? No, it’s not.

Appearance & Personality Traits:

In addition to the woodchuck, the groundhog is one of the 14 marmot species. They belong to the Sciuridae family, including squirrels, and are rodents. In the United States of America and some parts of Canada, they are found. As a general rule of thumb, the groundhog weighs around 13 pounds, with upper and lower teeth that develop about 1/16th of an inch every week in the warmer months.

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Their fur might be black, reddish-brown, or yellowish-brown in color, or it can be reddish-brown and grey. Aside from their large claws and short, muscular limbs, they feature bushy tails. Their muscular limbs and large, sharp claws enable them to climb trees to avoid predators, and they are also able to dive into the water. These creatures have short ears and dark-colored eyes.

Diet of the Groundhog:

Plants are the only foods that groundhogs will consume. Plants, grass, fruits, and tree bark are all part of their diet. A nuisance, they may quickly ruin your garden, robbing you of the fruits of your labor. They’ve been known to consume a few insects, too.

Characteristics and Behavior

A real hibernator, the groundhog sleeps for an average of three to four months every year. Before they go into hibernation, their metabolism slows down, enabling them to accumulate fat. They’ll put on weight in preparation for their winter slumber during the summer months.

Temperature declines from 99 to 37 degrees, while heart rate reduces from 80 to a meager 5 beats per minute during hibernation. They will slumber until it is time to return to the surface.

Hedgehogs are nocturnal, but groundhogs are diurnal, which is active throughout the day. They’re most active in the early morning and late evening. Their spectacular burrows are built over the summer months. When it comes to defecating, they urinate in subterranean toilet rooms. Isn’t it incredible?


Hedgehogs and groundhogs share some surprising similarities, even though they originate from two distinct universes. It’s illegal to possess them in California; they both hibernate and have strong legs. Insects are a common delicacy for both of them.

We hope you’ve enjoyed learning about these fascinating animals and their fascinating qualities. Your newfound knowledge might prove to be an excellent springboard for further discussion.